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  当前位置 -> 行业资讯- 2018年我国钢铁行业规模以上企业达5138家 发布时间:(2019/2/19)

2018年我国钢铁行业规模以上企业达5138家


方管行业是以从事黑色金属矿物采选和黑色金属冶炼加工等工业生产活动为主的工业行业,包括金属铁、铬、锰等的矿物采选业、炼铁业、炼钢业、钢加工业、铁合金冶炼业、钢丝及其制品业等细分行业,是国家重要的原材料工业之一。2018年,钢铁行业在供给侧改革持续推进、去产能和防范“地条钢”死灰复燃、严防已化解的过剩产能复产以及取暖季限产不搞“一刀切”等因素的影响下,整体市场呈现震荡运行格局。
The square pipe industry is an industrial industry, which is mainly engaged in industrial production activities such as black metal mineral extraction and black metal smelting processing, including mineral mining, iron smelting, steelmaking, steel processing, iron alloy smelting, steel wire and its products industry. It is one of the important raw materials industry in the country. In 2018, the steel industry reform on the supply side, and continue to promote the capacity to prevent "land of steel, to prevent the effects of a stirring among the dry bones overcapacity in the production have been resolved and heating season production not" across the board "and other factors, the overall market concussion operation pattern. 2018年钢铁行业发展现状
The current situation of the development of the steel industry in 2018

1。钢铁行业企业数量
1. The number of iron and steel enterprises

据数据显示,至2018年12月末,我国钢铁行业规模以上企业达5138家。其中,钢铁行业亏损企业数量在2018年12月末达1100个,亏损面为21.4%。此外,据统计局数据显示,2018年钢铁行业亏损企业亏损总额累计达293亿元。
According to statistics, at the end of 2018 to 12, China's iron and steel industry scale enterprises amounted to more than 5138. Among them, the number of enterprises in the iron and steel industry losses of 12 at the end of 2018 reached 1100, the loss was 21.4%. In addition, according to the Bureau of statistics data show that in 2018 the total amount of iron and steel industry enterprises suffered losses totaled 29 billion 300 million yuan.


数据来源:国家统计局、中商产业研究院整理
Source: National Bureau of statistics, the Institute of industrial consolidation

2。钢铁行业收入情况
2. The income situation of iron and steel industry

根据国家统计局初步统计数据显示,2018年钢铁行业规模以上企业实现主营业务收入达64006.5亿元。回顾2012-2017年钢铁行业营业收入情况:近六年来,我国钢行业营业收入较为稳定,2015年以来累计增长率逐渐回暖。2018年,中国国民经济运行保持在合理区间,总体平稳、稳中有进态势持续显现,钢铁行业去产能效果显著,市场稳步发展。
According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of statistics show that in 2018 the steel industry above scale enterprises realized main business income of 6 trillion and 400 billion 650 million yuan. Review the operating income of 2012-2017 years of iron and steel industry: over the past six years, the steel industry revenue in China is relatively stable since 2015, the cumulative growth rate gradually warmer. In 2018, China national economy maintained at a reasonable range, the overall smooth, steady progress situation continued to appear, the steel industry capacity to effect the steady development of the market.


注:2018*为国家统计局初步统计数据
Note: 2018* is the preliminary data of the National Bureau of Statistics

数据来源:国家统计局、中商产业研究院整理
Source: National Bureau of statistics, the Institute of industrial consolidation

3。钢铁行业利润统计
3. The iron and steel industry profit statistics

在行业利润总额方面,2015年以来,钢铁行业利润总额呈现增长态势。据国家统计局初步统计数据显示,2018年全年钢铁行业实现利润总额达到4029.3亿元。
In 2015 the total profit of the industry, since the steel industry total profit growth. According to preliminary data from the National Bureau of statistics show that in 2018 the steel industry achieved a total profit of 402 billion 930 million yuan.


注:2018*为国家统计局初步统计数据
Note: 2018* is the preliminary data of the National Bureau of Statistics

数据来源:国家统计局、中商产业研究院整理
Source: National Bureau of statistics, the Institute of industrial consolidation

2019年钢铁市场预测
In 2019 the steel market forecast

(1)供给侧结构性改革需继续深化,才能维护市场平稳运行。2019年,钢铁行业供给侧结构性改革需继续深化,严防新增产能和“地条钢”死灰复燃,钢铁企业应克制扩产冲动,积极维护市场供需平衡。
(1) the supply side structural reform needs to be deepened, in order to maintain the smooth operation of the market. In 2019, the steel industry supply side structural reform needs to be deepened, to prevent new capacity and land of steel iron and steel enterprises should refrain from a stirring among the dry bones, expansion impulse, actively protect the market supply and demand balance.

(2)产品升级,市场优化。自2018年1月1日起,取消钢材的出口关税,降低200系热轧不锈钢卷、钢锭、钢坯及部分铁合金等产品出口暂定 关税;前期普钢特钢化出口较多:从近年来我国钢材出口政策调整来看,针对低附加值产品调低出口退税优惠以及提高出口税率,针对高附加值产品则反之,以促进 产品结构转型升级。
(2) the upgrading of products, market optimization. Since January 1, 2018, the elimination of export tariffs on steel, hot rolled stainless steel coil, reducing 200 ingot, billet and iron alloy products such as export tariff; the general steel export more tempered: from in recent years China's steel export policy adjustment, the low value-added products to reduce export tax rebate and increase the export tax for high value-added products and vice versa, In order to promote the transformation and upgrading of product structure.

(3)国际市场形势更为复杂严峻。2019年我国经济发展面临的挑战仍然较多,受全球经济复苏缓慢以及贸易保护主义的影响,2019年我国钢材出口压力仍然较大。钢铁企业要认真分析国际市场变化因素,维护出口渠道和国际市场份额,保持市场竞争力。
(3) the international market situation is more complex and serious. Still more to China's economic development is faced with the challenges of the 2019, due to the slow recovery of the global economy and trade protectionism, in 2019 China's steel export pressure is still large. A careful analysis of changes in the international market factors to iron and steel enterprises, maintain export channels and international market share, maintain market competitiveness.

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